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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

3 edition of Economic impact of air pollutants on plants in the United States found in the catalog.

Economic impact of air pollutants on plants in the United States

Stanford Research Institute.

Economic impact of air pollutants on plants in the United States

by Stanford Research Institute.

  • 394 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published in Menlo Park, Calif.; [Reproduced by National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plants -- Effect of air pollution on,
  • Air -- Pollution -- Economic aspects -- United States

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby H.M. Benedict, C.J. Miller, and R.E. Olson.
    SeriesPB 209 265
    ContributionsBenedict, Harris Miller, 1907-, Miller, Clarence J., 1916-, Olson, Ralph E., Coordinating Research Council.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 77 p.
    Number of Pages77
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14467744M
    OCLC/WorldCa527715

    4 - OECD POLICY HIGHLIGHTS The economic consequences of outdoor air pollution OECD POLICY HIGHLIGHTS The economic consequences of outdoor air pollution - 5 Source: ENV-Linkages model, based on projections of emission factors from the GAINS model. 2 emissions and concentrations of outdoor air pollutants For most air pollutants, emissions are projected to increase in the coming . But the effects for air pollution on plants, especially sulfuric acid deposition, have been known in industrial areas since at least the 's. But the effects of air pollution on plants, especially sulfuric acid deposition, have been know in industrial areas since at least the 's.

    The economic hardship that resulted may have contributed to the belief that air pollution regulations introduced during this period had reduced local employment. The major finding of this study is that the most severe episode of increased air quality regulation of manufacturing industries did not have a large effect on manufacturing employment. Other sublethal effects of air pollutants on plants included enhancement of nutrient stresses, increased susceptibility to insect attack or disease, and effects on soil microorganisms; some experts consider that these are potentially much more important than acute injury (Smith ).

    Raising Awareness of the Health Impacts of Coal Plant Pollution. Related Focus Area: Power Plants. Toll From Coal Interactive Map. In , and again in , the Clean Air Task Force issued studies based on a methodology and model created by Abt Associates, U.S EPA’s own health benefits consultant, based on peer-reviewed, published.   Air Pollution Costs Global Economy Trillions Annually, World Bank Says A general view through smog of the Canary Wharf financial district on April 2, in London, England. Dan Kitwood—Getty.


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Economic impact of air pollutants on plants in the United States by Stanford Research Institute. Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Economic impact of air pollutants on plants in the United States}, author = {Benedict, H.M. and Miller, C.J. and Olson, R.E.}, abstractNote = {An attempt is made to describe studies conducted from September 1,to Aug and to present revised estimates of dollar losses due to oxidants, sulfur dioxide, and fluorides in the US.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Stanford Research Institute. Economic impact of air pollutants on plants in the United States.

Menlo Park, Calif.; [Reproduced by National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va.]   Economic Effects of Air Pollution Park visitation is largely dependent on protection of natural and scenic resources that draw visitors to national parks in the first place.

Economics gives us a way to compare the possible benefits of a policy with its possible costs. Environmental Accounting for Pollution in the United States Economy † By Nicholas Z. Muller, Robert Mendelsohn, and William Nordhaus* This study presents a framework to include environmental externali-ties into a system of national accounts.

The paper estimates the air pollution damages for each industry in the United States. An inte. Economic Impact Analyses for Air Pollution Regulations EPA develops Economic Impact Analyses (EIAs) to support the development of national air pollution regulations.

EIAs describe and quantify the reallocation of society's resources in response to a regulatory action. The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants.

Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts. Air pollution takes its toll on the economy in several ways: it costs human lives, it reduces people’s ability to work, it affects vital products like food, it damages cultural and historical monuments, it reduces the ability of ecosystems to perform functions societies.

In the United States, air pollution caused $ billion in damages in   It was less than the $ billion in Those who become sick from pollution bear the most of the cost. Inmillion people suffered from unhealthy levels of air pollution.

They are at greater risk of developing asthma, lung cancer, and respiratory problems. This plant can fight air pollution by filtering air.

It can effectively filter pollutants of different sizes from the air like soot and dust and thus clean the air. Common Ivy plant.

Buildings and the Environment: A Statistical Summary. 3 emissions, heat-related illness and mortality. One study estimates that the heat island effect is responsible for 5–10% of peak electricity demand for cooling buildings in cities. Water Use: • Building occupants use 13 percent of the total water consumed in the United States File Size: KB.

Nutrient pollution can have severe economic impacts on recreational fishing, businesses, and tourism. Nutrient pollution negatively impacts tourism.

Nutrient pollution has diverse and far-reaching effects on the U.S. economy, impacting tourism, property values, commercial fishing, recreational businesses and many other sectors that depend on. Air pollution negatively impacts lung growth. Numerous studies using animal models have demonstrated interrupted lung development due to exposure to pollutants, reviewed elsewhere.

These findings are reflected in several clinical studies that showed exposure to air pollution was associated with impaired lung growth in children that may be by: From tothe U.S. population increased by one-third and the size of the U.S. economy more than doubled.

Since the s, however, the United States, using a variety of anti-pollution policies, has made genuine progress against a number of pollutants. Pathogenic air pollutants in many geographic areas of the world already impose a greater economic hazard to agriculture than do climatic or insect pathogens.

The treatment of air pollutants to watershed species may be particularly great in the arid areas of the west where man's survival depends on a sustained water supply, which in turn is. The improved simulation helped the scientists narrow in on the estimated health costs from air pollution associated with food produced for export – a growing sector of agriculture and a source of trade surplus.

"The 'cost' is an economic concept to measure how much people are willing to. Despite decades of progress, the air quality in the United States has started to decline over the past few years, according to data provided in summer by the Environmental Protection Agency. Get this from a library. Assessment of economic impact of air pollutants on vegetation in the United States: and ; final report.

[H M Benedict; Clarence J Miller; Jean S Smith; Coordinating Research Council.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.; Stanford Research Institute.]. According to this Commission, the global financial costs of pollution are huge, totaling “$ trillion per year—% of global economic output”.

The study reported that in the United States, air pollution control pays off at a rate of Every dollar invested in air pollution control generates thirty dollars of benefits.

WHO Regional Office for Europe, OECD (). Economic cost of the health impact of air pollution in Europe: Clean air, health and wealth. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. The economic cost of health impacts of air pollution in the WHO Table Estimated GDP impacts presented in the United States EPA’s CAAA.

Nearly 5 out of 10 people live where the air they breathe earned an F in State of the Air million people live in counties that received an F for either ozone or particle pollution in State of the Air. Climate change, ozone depletion, and other environmental ills are widely discussed effects of air well-known, at least in the developed world, are the lethal short-term public health impacts of breathing polluted air.

In fact, up to million deaths globally every year may be attributed to air pollution.Socio-economic impacts of landfills include risks for public health derived from surfaceor groundwater contamination by leachate, the diffusion of litter into the wider environment and inadequate.A cloak of smog gives Fresno, California, a hazy look.

Smog, a hybrid of the words "smoke" and "fog," is caused when sunlight reacts with airborne pollution, including ash, dust, and ground-level.